Question: Who Is The Father Of Indirect Rule?

What was the original name of Nigeria?

The name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country.

This name was coined on January 8, 1897, by British journalist Flora Shaw, who later married Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator..

What are the characteristics of indirect rule?

A Governor. One of the features of Indirect Rule was the position of a Governor. … Regional Commissioners. The colony was divided into regions for ease of administration and each region was headed by a Regional Commissioner.District Commissioners. … Native Authorities. … Native Treasury. … Native Courts.

What is direct and indirect colonial rule?

Direct colonial rule is a form of colonialism that involves the establishment of a centralized foreign authority within a territory, which is run by colonial officials. … The opposite of direct colonial rule is indirect rule, which integrates pre-established local elites and native institutions into the government.

Who named Nigeria flag?

Flag of NigeriaAdopted1 October 1960DesignA vertical bicolour triband of green, white and greenDesigned byMichael Taiwo AkinkunmiVariant flag of NigeriaUseState flag33 more rows

Who was the father of indirect rule in Nigeria?

Frederick LugardFrederick Lugard, who assumed the position of high commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria in 1900, often has been regarded as the model British colonial administrator.

What is an example of indirect rule?

A certain proportion of all revenue was passed on to the colonial government for spending on those services considered best provided by Europeans; health and railways for example. Lord Lugard, Nigeria’s administrator said he saw indirect rule ‘as a road to political independence’.

What is the name of Lord Lugard’s wife?

Flora Louise ShawFlora Shaw, Lady Lugard. Lord and Lady Lugard. Flora Louise Shaw, The Lady Lugard, DBE (born 19 December 1852 – 25 January 1929), was a British journalist and writer. She is credited with having coined the name “Nigeria”.

What was Nigeria called before?

On 1 January 1900, the British Empire created the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and the Northern Nigeria Protectorate. In 1914, the area was formally united as the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria.

What is direct and indirect rule?

In contrast, direct rule imposed European leaders, laws, and institutions on indigenous populations. Indirect and direct rule thus had opposite effects on pre-colonial structures of power: indirect rule aimed to preserve them, while direct rule was intended to eradicate and replace them with a new colonial order.

Who is the founder of indirect rule?

Indirect rule was not, therefore, a concept invented by the British colonial administrator Frederick Lugard (1858–1945) as the proper system for governing the Islamic emirates of northern Nigeria.

What is indirect control?

Indirect control means any situation where one person is in a position to act through another person over whom the first person has control due to the legal or economic relationship between the two.

Why did British use indirect rule?

The Existence of a well Established traditional Administration: In many areas of Africa such as Northern Nigeria, the British found well established traditional institutions under the Muslim rulers. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.

Who named River Niger?

Niger River, principal river of western Africa. With a length of 2,600 miles (4,200 km), it is the third longest river in Africa, after the Nile and the Congo. The Niger is believed to have been named by the Greeks.

Why is Flora Shaw Nigeria?

In an essay that first appeared in The Times on 8 January 1897, by “Miss Shaw”, she suggested the name “Nigeria” for the British Protectorate on the Niger River. In her essay, she made the case for a shorter-term that would be used for the territory to replace the official title, “Royal Niger Company Territories”.

What is indirect rule in history?

Indirect rule was a system of governance used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures. These dependencies were often called “protectorates” or “trucial states”.

Who created Igbo?

Eri, the god-like founder of Nri, is believed to have settled the region around 948 with other related Igbo cultures following after in the 13th century. The first Eze Nri (King of Nri) Ìfikuánim followed directly after him. According to Igbo oral tradition, his reign started in 1043.

What are the reasons for the adoption of indirect rule?

Reasons for Introducing Indirect Rule in NigeriaLarge size of the country.Lack of personnel.Lack of finance.Language barrier.Preservation of traditional institutions.Fierce resistance by Africans.

Who is Lord Lugard to Nigeria?

On January 1, 1914, Lord Frederick Lugard, the governor of both the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the Colony and Protectorate of Southern Nigeria, signed a document consolidating the two, thereby creating the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria. Forty-six years later in 1960, Nigeria became an independent state.